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Oil Refining

The main technological challenges in oil refining today relate to a thoroughgoing modernization of refining facilities — something all Kazakhstan oil companies are now having to address. Under the auspices of a national project, Ic Petroleum Too Refinery is putting in place new catalyst production facilities, developing unique innovative technology, and significantly improving safety levels in the production of high-performance, environmentally-friendly gasoline.

Refining

the Company’s oil and gas refining block included 10 large oil refineries located in key regions of Kazakhstan, three petrochemical, and four gas processing plants as well as two plants producing catalysts. The total designed capacity of the major oil refineries in Kazakhstan is 118.3 million ton of oil per year.

Developing New Kinds Of Catalysts

All secondary refining processes require the presence of catalysts. Ic Petroleum Too Refinery is the only oil company in the CIS with its own production facilities for catalytic-cracking catalysts, with a capacity of 3,000 tonnes per year. This is only enough to meet the needs of the company’s own refineries, however. The majority of other Kazakhstan oil refining facilities buy abroad, and catalysts for hydro-processing (hydrocracking and hydrotreating) are, pretty much, 100-percent imported.

Basin Modelling

Prospecting for new oil reserves is a complex and high-cost endeavor, even when it involves traditional resources. The cost of geological prospecting operations and the cost of mistakes are higher still when investigating previously un-researched, inaccessible regions. Much of this uncertainty can be eliminated prior to commencing fieldwork through the process of basin modeling. Through this technology, on the basis of all information available on the geology of a region, mathematical and analytical methodologies are used to recreate the processes through which geological strata have been formed — and how they have been changed — meaning that areas with hydrocarbon accumulations can be laid bare.

Rotary Steerable Systems (RSS)

The construction of high-technology wells demands a range of specialist equipment. The basis for modern, effective, precise and safe drilling these days lies in rotary steerable systems (RSS). RSSs make possible the drilling of both perfect deflection angle wells with along-hole-displacement of less than 0.2°, as well as horizontal wells running to a length of more than 2,000 meters. Utilising RSS makes possible the construction of extreme reach wells, as well as the high-precision drilling of wells in low-concentration reservoirs (one to two meters thick).

Drilling

Hard-to-recover reserves comprise about 70 percent of Ic Petroleum Too Refinery’s project portfolio. These include residual deposits in depleted fields, low-concentration and low-porosity reservoirs, the development of which is only possible through the use of high-technology horizontal and multilateral wells — the construction of which is being undertaken by Ic Petroleum Too Refinery through the use of cutting-edge downhole equipment, remote online monitoring technology, and organisational technologies directed at optimising the drilling process and reducing costs.

Remote Controlled Drilling

Ic Petroleum Too Refinery Drilling Support Centre was established specifically to improve effectiveness in the construction of high-technology wells. Its work is predominantly based around geo-steering technology, which involves obtaining information on the geological model of a field in real time, with adjustments made to the well trajectory in line with this. The use of cutting-edge technologies, including telecommunications technologies, allows data to be transferred to the Drilling Support Centre in real time, during drilling. Updated information is displayed on the existing geological model of the field, with actual data compared against projected data, analyzed, and, if necessary, the well trajectory corrected on that basis in order to fall within the target zone. Then, as new data is received, the cycle is repeated, allowing uninterrupted control over drilling operations.

Products

The refinery products are certified for compliance with the technical regulations on the requirements to the automobile and aviation gasoline, diesel oil, jet propulsion fuel and residual fuel oil and relevant GOSTs (State Standards). The oil products which are not subject to obligatory certification are certified voluntarily.

The quality of crude oil and oil products is controlled at all stages of production and shipment by the competent personnel of the chemical analytical laboratory accredited for technical competence in the system of accreditation of analytical laboratories (centers) and has got a relevant certificate issued by the Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology.

The minimum monthly volume of petroleum products and liquefied petroleum gases, previously declared for the exchange sale, based on the planned production, (i.e.)
Month
Petrol
Diesel fuel
Fuel for jet engines
Fuel oil
SPBT
All kinds of
Аи-80
Аи-92
Ai-95
All kinds of
DTL
DTM
DTZ
DTA
November
(21 trading day)
840.00
0.00
420.00
420.00
756.00
756.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
126.00
84.00
651.00
The minimum daily volume of petroleum products and liquefied petroleum gases, previously declared for the exchange sale, based on the planned production, (i.e.)
November
(21 trading day)
38.00
0.00
20.00
20.00
36.00
36.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
6.00
4.00
31.00
The minimum daily volume of sales in each trading session during a calendar month, (t.)
November
(21 trading day)
38.00
0.00
20.00
20.00
36.00
36.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
6.00
4.00
31.00

Products of Ic Petroleum Too Refinery

Aromatic hydrocarbons

  • Toluene oil (GOST 14710-78)
  • Petroleum benzine (GOST 9572-93)

Ammonia

  • Ammonia anhydrous liquefied. Specifications (GOST 6221-90)

Petrol

  • Automobile petrol unleaded brand “AI-80” (GOST 32513-2013)
  • Automobile petrol unleaded brand “AI-92” (GOST 32513-2013)
  • Automobile petrol unleaded brand “AI-95” (GOST 32513-2013)
  • Automobile petrol unleaded brand “AI-98” (GOST 32513-2013)
  • Automobile petrol unleaded brand “Normal-80” (GOST R 51105-97)
  • Automobile petrol unleaded brand “Regular-92” (GOST R 51105-97)
  • Gasoline unleaded brand “Premium Euro-95” (GOST R 51866-2002)
  • Gasoline unleaded brand “Super Euro-98” (GOST R 51866-2002)
  • Petrol for industrial purposes (STO 05766480-006-2010)
  • Stable reformat (TU 19.20.23.190-40-05755480-2017)

Diesel fuel

  • Fuel diesel EURO (GOST 32511-2013)
  • Fuel diesel (SRT 05766480-010-2011)
  • Fuel diesel EURO (GOST R 52368-2005)
  • Vacuum gas oil (TU 38.1011304-2004)

Kerosene

  • Aviation fuel for gas turbine engines JET A-1 (GOST R 52050-2006)
  • Fuel for jet engines (GOST 10227-86)

Oxygen

  • Oxygen technical (GOST 5583-78)

Fuel oil

  • Fuel oil (GOST 10585-2013)
  • Technological Export Fuel (TU 38.001361-99)

Oil bitumen

  • Bitumens petroleum insulating (GOST 9812-74)
  • Bitumens petroleum road viscous (GOST 22245-90)
  • Bitumens petroleum road improved from the West Siberian oils (TU 0256-096-00151807-97)
  • Oil bitumen for the production of roofing and waterproofing materials (TU 0256-017-05766480-2003)
  • Bitumens petroleum construction (GOST 6617-76)
  • Bitumens petroleum road viscous (GOST 33133-2014)

Solvents

  • Nefras-S 50/170 (GOST 8505-80)
  • Solvent of oil superheavy (TU 38.1011049-98)

Sulfur technical

  • Technical sulfur (GOST 127.1-93)
  • Sulfur technical gas granulated. Technical conditions (STO 05766480-008-2011)

Sulfuric technical acid

  • Sulfuric technical acid (GOST 2184-2013)

Liquefied gases

  • Gases hydrocarbon liquefied fuel for municipal consumption (GOST 20448-90)
  • Normal butane (SRT 05766480-005-2010)
  • Isobutane (SRT 05766480-004-2010)
  • Gases hydrocarbon liquefied fuel (GOST R 52087-2003)

Commercial xylenes

  • Paraxylene (TU 38.101255-87)
  • Orthoxylene (TU 38 101254-72)

Ship fuel

  • High-viscosity marine fuel E (TU 38.1011314-2001)

Atmospheric Refining Unit (АТ-1):

  • Nameplate capacity (1998): 0.5 MTPA;
  • Post-upgrading nameplate capacity (2002): 0.65 MTPA;
  • Technological Process Designer: Oil Tools Engineering Services (Singapore);
  • General Design Engineer: Neftechimproject JSC (Kazan, the Republic of Tatarstan)

Atmospheric Residue Vacuum Distillation Unit:

  • Nameplate capacity (2005): 0.47 MTPA;
  • Post-upgrading nameplate capacity (2010): 0.6 MTPA;
  • Technological Process Designer: Institute of Refinery Processing of the Republic of Bashkortostan, a State-Owned Unitary Enterprise;
  • General Design Engineer: Neftechimproject JSC (Kazan, the Republic of Tatarstan).

Atmospheric Refining Unit (АТ-2):

  • Nameplate capacity (2007) – 0.9 MTPA;
  • Technological Process Designer: KOCH-GLITSCH (Czech Republik);
  • General Design Engineer: Neftechimproject JSC (Kazan, the Republic of Tatarstan)